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Integrated system of research, evaluation and control of air quality


The aim of the project is to develop methods of air quality control, identification of air pollution sources and their shares in pollutant concentrations, focusing on the main existing air quality problems and difficult to quantify types of pollution. Following the above, it is necessary to develop model tools identifying the dispersion of air pollution, both with regard to current concentrations and with a focus on future technological development. Part of the research is also the development of laboratory methods for air quality assessment, both methods of manual, isotope analysis of elements in aerosol particle samples, and methods of elemental analysis of aerosol particles. With regard to the impact on the health of the population, the impact of ultra-fine particles will be evaluated at 5 localities in the Czech Republic, even with regard to external influences, such as meteorological conditions. There will also be an evaluation of the location of air pollution stations, which will result in a proposal for the renewal of the state network of air pollution monitoring. Part of the project solution is also an estimate of the share of fog and icing in the total atmospheric deposition. An interesting result of the project will also be maps of phyto-toxic doses of ozone for various plants. The whole project is intertwined with the evaluation of the impact of transport, both on the health of the population and on the amount of emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases. An indispensable task of this project is the development of methodologies and emission factors used in the preparation of emission balances in connection with the international requirements of the EU and UN conventions. Part of the research of greenhouse gas methodologies is the analysis of biomass potentials and, last but not least, prediction of future emissions and quantification of impacts of policy instruments to reduce emissions or compliance with emission ceilings on energy consumption, economy, and other indicators using macro models. Last but not least, data standards for information on sources, emissions, and immissions will be developed, which will be a basic element of the subsequently developed comprehensive information system on air quality.

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