Environmental Engineering

In environmental engineering, we apply our years of experience in the fields of chemical sciences and chemical engineering to the development of processes for the protection of the environment. We combine fundamental and applied research in an attempt to understand the essence of phenomena and then apply this to the current requirements of our partners in the industry.

Study in the field of energetics at the ICPF takes place in the Research Group of Waste Management and Sustainable Technologies. This primarily involves the development of new procedures for increasing the efficiency of thermochemical conversion of fuels with the use of new and alternative fuels and further reducing the impact on the environment. These activities are oriented in two main directions. The first includes the development of new and more effective processes of flue gas treatment, effective and clean utilization of new waste-based fuels, and the search for suitable methods of processing and using solid waste from energy production. The second is the development of technologies to advance decentralized systems for the use of alternative fuels and biomass by gasification and pyrolysis and their transformation to synthesis gas of a quality suitable for the production of chemical commodities, primarily transport fuels, and hydrogen.

Study in the field of waste-to-energy at the ICPF is concentrated in the Research Group of Waste Management and Sustainable Technologies. The department is occupied with, among other things, the energy and material recovery of waste and the recycling of waste. Efforts in energy recovery involve the safe use of various atypical wastes, the search for new methods of flue gas treatment, and the development of methods for the treatment of solid residues from waste incineration such as fly ash and bottom ash for the purpose of obtaining valuable components. In the field of waste treatment and recycling, we develop methods for processing municipal waste and industrial waste such as electronic waste, plastic waste, biological waste such as food waste sewage sludge, etc. We consider waste as a source of raw materials or energy and approach it accordingly.

Study in the field of aerosols has a long tradition at the ICPF and takes place in the Research Group of Aerosol Chemistry and Physics. The group is occupied with the study of the chemical and physical properties of atmospheric aerosols and determining the share of various sources. Further topics include the behavior of aerosols in indoor environments, kinetics of nucleation and growth, emission sampling of aerosol particles, as well as preparation of nanoparticles for inhalation experiments. The group coordinates aerosol research at the National Atmospheric Observatory Košetice and is part of the large international research structure ACTRIS (ESFRI), where we measure number concentrations and aerosol particle size distribution and determine the precise chemical composition of aerosols.

Study in the field of water purification at the ICPF is predominantly concentrated in the Research Group of Catalysis and Reaction Engineering. The research is focused on the removal of pollutants from wastewater and industrial wastewater. This includes substances such as endocrine disruptors, organic compounds, heavy metals, and pharmaceuticals. Various processes for removing such substances are tested, including adsorption, electrocoagulation, and photocatalysis. Research also focuses on combinations of these methods for the comprehensive treatment of polluted water, with regard to the economics of the overall process.